Hawaiian Islands

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The Hawaiian Islands

The Hawaiian Islands are an archipelago of eight major islands, several atolls, numerous
smaller islets, and undersea seamounts in the North Pacific Ocean, extending some 1,500
miles (2,400 km) from the island of Hawaii in the south to northernmost Kure Atoll. The
Hawaiian islands are about 1,860 miles (3,000 km) from the nearest continent.

Excluding Midway, which is an unincorporated territory within the United States Minor
Outlying Islands, the Hawaiian Islands form the U.S. state of Hawaii. Once known as the
Sandwich Islands”, the archipelago now takes its name from the largest island in the cluster. Source

 map of hawaii

Weather and Climate of the Hawaiian Islands

Most of Hawaii has only two seasons – summer, from May to October, and winter, from November
to April. The early Hawaiians named them kau, the warm season (when the sun is almost directly
overhead and the weather is warmer and drier and winds blow reliably from the northeast)and
ho’olio, the cooler season (when the sun is lower in the south, the winds are more variable and there
is more rainfall and cloud cover).

The average temperature in the Islands is about 80°F (26.6°C), dropping to about 75°F (23.8°C)
during the winter months with a 10°F (5.5°C) cool-down after the sun disappears. Summer highs
average about 85°F (29.4°C) and winter highs about 78°F (25.5°C). June and July are the driest
months for all islands. But even inHawaii’s winter months, rain and cloud cover are very intermittent
and you should get ample time in the sun. Source

Hawaii Island

The Island of Hawaii, also called the Big Island, is a volcanic island (the eastern-most and southern-most in the Hawaiian Islands chain) in the North Pacific Ocean. With an area of 4,028 square miles, it is larger than all of the other Hawaiian Islands combined and is the largest island in theUnited States. Source


Hawaii Island map

Weather and Climate of Hawaii Island

Temperatures on the island average between 71 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit (21.6-25 C), dropping
as you travel up the mountains. It is not uncommon for temperatures to plunge below freezing
atop frequently snowcapped Mauna Kea.

The Big Island contains 11 out of 13 of the world’s climatic zones, so bring layers if you plan to do
some volcano hiking. Expert skiers with a 4-wheel drive vehicle might like to challenge themselves
if the right conditions present themselves!

On no other Hawaiian island can you walk in snow and swim in the ocean on the same day! This is
one of the Big Island’s unique features. Source

Hawaii Island Temperature

Click for Hilo, Hawaii Forecast


Maui Island

The island of Maui is the second-largest of the Hawaiian Islands at 727.2 square miles and is the 17th largest island in the United States. Maui is part of the state of Hawaii and is the largest ofMauiCounty’s four islands, bigger than Lanai, Kahoolawe, and Molokai. Source

map of Maui Island

Weather and Climate of Maui Island

Maui’s tropical climate is quite comfortable, averaging mild temperatures between 75
and 85°F (23.8-29.4°C) at sea level. Prevailing trade winds carry rain clouds to the
northern end of the island, creating a drier south shore. In the areas above 3,000 feet
(914 m), visitors will find drier conditions with noticeably colder temperatures.

Because of Maui’s irregular topography, weather characteristics such as cloud cover,
rainfall, temperature and wind speed can vary greatly even within short distances.
Haleakala boasts seven different climate zones on its terrain alone. Source

Maui Island Temperature

Click for Maui, Hawaii Forecast


Oahu Island

Oahu, known as “The Gathering Place”, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous of the islands in the State of Hawaii. The state capital Honolulu is located on the southeast coast. The island has a total land area of 596.7 square miles, making it the 20th largest island in the United States. Source 

map of Oahu Island


Weather and Climate of Oahu Island

Oahu’s temperatures stay mild year round between 68 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (20-29.4 C). Winter months (November to April) are a bit cooler with more frequent precipitation. Cooling trades work wonders to keeping the island pleasantly comfortable.

Visitors love the warm temperature of the coastal waters, which average around 76 to 78 degrees (24.4-25.5 C). Source

Oahu Island Temperature

Click for Honolulu, Hawaii Forecast

Kauai Island

Kauai Island, also Known as the “Garden Isle, is geologically the oldest of the main Hawaiian Islands. With an area of 562.3 square miles, it is the fourth largest of the main islands in the Hawaiian archipelago, and the 21st largest island in the United States. 

Weather and Climate of Kauai Island

Temperatures on the island range from the lower 60s to the upper 80s (15.5-26.6 C), depending
on elevation and season. Source

Lanai Island

Lanai Island is the sixth-largest of the Hawaiian Islands. It is also known as the Pineapple Island because of its past as an island-wide pineapple plantation. The only town is Lanai City, a small settlement. The island is somewhat comma-shaped, with a width of 18 miles in the longest direction. The land area is 140.5 square miles, making it the 42nd largest island in the United States. 

Weather and Climate of Lanai Island

The average Fahrenheit temperatures in Lanai City can range from 66 – 72 degrees (18.8-22.2 C)
depending on the season. Lana iis one of the drier islands with an annual average rainfall of only
around 37 inches (94 cm).

Sea level temperatures are noticeably warmer than temperatures in Lanai City, situated at nearly
1,700 feet (518 m) above sea level.

Molokai Island

Molokai is an island in the Hawaiian archipelago. It is 38 by10 milesin size with a land area of 260 square miles making it the fifth largest of the main Hawaiian Islands and the 27th largest island in the United States. Source


map ofMolokai and Lanai Island


Weather and Climate of Molokai Island

Molokai has a comfortable and pleasant year-round temperature at an average of 75 degrees
Fahrenheit (23.8 C), with night-time temperatures a bit cooler in the winter months. Gentle
trade winds combat the strong and ever-warming sun.

Molokai Island Temperature

Click for Molokai, Hawaii Forecast



To enter the Hawaiian Islands visitors must have:

A passport valid for at 6 months from the date arrival
A hotel reservation or letter of invitation, (if staying with friends)
A return or onward ticket if flying by commercial carrier

The Hawaiian Islands has the same visa waiver program as theUnited States of America. Nationals from the following countries do not need a visa fro short stays:

Australia, Brunei, Hong Kong, Japan, Malaysia, Nauru, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Andorra, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brunei, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, San Marino, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

Additional Visa/Entry Requirements Information